Artsakh State Historical Museum of Local Lore
Artsakh State Historical Museum of Local Lore is the only historical-cultural hearth where the history of Artsakh (Nagorno Karabakh) from the ancient times till our days is presented. From the beginning of its foundation, 1939, in spite of the anti-Armenian policy of Soviet Azerbaijan and the years of war, unleashed by it in Artsakh, the museum has managed to gather and save all the spiritual and material values of Artsakh people. The fund of Artsakh State Historical Museum of Local Lore counts more than 50 thousand historical-cultural artifacts, telling about the origins of birth and development of the civilization at the territory of nowadays' Artsakh.Today more than ever the museum has the opportunity to enrich its funds effectively due to the archaeological excavations conducted in Artsakh and archaeological findings. The museum exhibition halls begin with the show-cases demonstrating models of Artsakh natural landscape.
Further is the hall of archaeology. Here, particularly, models of petrifications, early implements of Stone Age, different bronze subjects (adornments, weapon, utensils), preserved from times of the state of Urartu, amazing ornamented ceramic vessels, Armenian, Roman, Persian, Arabian silver and copper coins, and so on.
The hall of Middle Ages begins with a photo and a map attached to it of one of the first Artsakh churches (4thc.) – Amaras monastery, founded by Gregory the Illumiator, the first Armenian Christian philosopher. Here the documentary evidences of his propagations in South Caucasus are presented.
The department of ethnography where the demonstration begins with the show-case of family life of the ancient Artsakhian (grandmother weaves thread with distaff, and grandfather sews trekhs (footwear of leather made by him) arouses special interest. Here are presented also the old carpet weaving loom and the samples of Artsakh weaving art – carpets of 18-20 cc. In 19c. The center of the Armenian national culture was Shoushi city; of it the old gospel, printed books and photos tell.
The halls of modern history are rich in documentary artifacts where exhibits telling about the national liberation fight of Artsakhian Armenians against Azerbaijan in 1918-1921 are demonstrated. Here the map of Armenia of 1926 is presented, fulfilled on the basis of the union treaty of the 10th of August, 1920, as well as documents confirming the tragic events in Shoushi on the 23d of March, 1920, and telling about the forced annexation of Nagorno Karabakh to the Soviet Azerbaijan.
The last halls of the museum tell about the modern movement of Artsakh, national-liberation war, about the solidarity of the whole Armenian nation in post-war period with the aims of consolidation of the Republic of Nagorno Karabakh.
There is a small second-hand bookshop in the museum, where one can buy booklets, books and photo albums about Artsakhakh. The museum works every day from 9:00 til 17:00, the day off is on Sunday. The entrance is free. One can give small tip to the guide.
Address: 1, Sasuntsi David str., Stepanakert.
Phone: (+ 374 47) 94 10 42
The Museum to the Memory of Perished Azatamartiks.
This unique museum to the memory of perished azatamartiks (freedom fighters) was founded in 2002 by the social organization «The union of the relatives of the perished azatamartiks». The exhibits of the museum are collected by the activists of the organization with the help of the soldiers' mothers and the museum staff. Here are demonstrated maps, schemes illustrating the liberation movement of Armenians and heroic deeds of fidains – the defenders of the motherland in years of the past Artsakhian war.
Thousands of photos of the perished fighters, documents pierced by bullet, letters to family and friends, weapon and uniform of Artsakh war time, field telephone, and radio station are presented on the stand.
In the hall the original samples of weapon and other military accessories, used by the Armenian fidains, are demonstrated.
Touchingly collected exhibits and the whole atmosphere of the museum leave indelible impression. The museum is open from 9:00 till 18:00 o'clock everyday, the day off is on Sunday. The entrance to the museum is free, but the rule is here to leave a small donations for the museum.
Address: 25, V. Sargsyan str., Stepanakert.
Phone: (+ 374 47) 95 07 38
The Museum of Fine Arts of the Republic of Artsakh
was founded in 2010-2013 on the initiative and substantial logistical support of Professor Grigory Gabrielyants and consists only of gifts. The building of museum was based on financial support of the government at the place of the old coaching inn of Shoushi, yet the original architectural appearance was preserved.
In the museum of Shoushi that spreads out on a rock there are works by Martiros Saryan, Pavel Kuznetsov, Minas, N. Nikoghosyan, Zhilinskiy, Safohin, Gayane Tiflisetsi, Yuri Grigoryan, Hakob Hakobyan, Galents and other prominent artists. The distinctive feature of the Shoushi museum is the wide geography of painters from Armenia, Georgia, Russia, Lithuania, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Poland, France, the USA, Ethiopia, Mongolia, Egypt, Indonesia, Haiti, Madagaskar, etc.
The picturesque canvases of Karabakh artists have a special place among the exhibited paintings.
The official opening of the State Museum of Fine Arts took p lace on May 9, 2013, on the day of liberation of Shoushi.
Museum to the History of Shoushi City.
Located in the charming detached house of the mid of 19c., in the centre of the historical quarter, the museum to the history of Shoushi city is the concentrance of artifacts illustrating the centuries-old past of the ancient city-fortress. Here is demonstrated the rich archaeological material of Нellenistic period, that has changed the former ideas about the time of Shoushi foundation in 18 c.
The collection of the museum is very rich in the materials of ethnographic character: here are collected the goods of local masters, that often present the true masterpiece. Household articles of 19c. illustrate the life of citizens of one of the biggest cultural centers of Transcaucasia. The collection of photos and reproductions, arranged on the stands of the museum halls, make the cultural life of the city of that period very tangible. Lots of the collected artifacts illustrate the black days of the city, when in March, 1920, by the bands of Tatar marauders practically the whole Armenian part of Shoushi was set to fire, and about 30 thousand Christian people was killed or made to run to the remote villages.
A special stand is devoted to the military operation on the liberation of Shoushi on 8th of May, 1992. Here the diarama of Shoushi battle is located, which recreates the history of fights in the smallest details. The museum works every day, but Sunday, from 9:00 till 17:00. The entrance is free.
Address: 17, M. Mashtots, Shoushi city.
Phone: (+374 47) 73 19 48
State Archaeological Museum of Tigranakert
The Archaeological museum of Tigranakert is founded in the medieval fortress, situated on the territory of archaeological park in the outskirts of Tigranakert city, founded by the king Tigran the Great /95-55 cc BC/. Various artifacts discovered during excavations by the archaeological expedition of the Academy of Sciences of Armenia under the leadership of Hamlet Petrosyan, perfectly illustrate the ancient history and the rich cultural life of this extremely interesting corner of Artsakh.
In three halls of the museum the unique items of material culture belonging to the historical period of 5c. BC-17c are presented. These are mainly fine ceramic vessels, stone and glass goods. Especially interesting is the disc of gift of the burned clay with the inscriptions in Armenian that dates back to the 5-6th cc. The course of archaeological excavations that have been conducted here from 2006 are widely illustrated, too. The detailed information about the location, the data of the excavations and findings in Armenian, English and Russian are presented on numerous stands.
The visitors of the museum can gain here traditional souvenirs and various printed production. There is a small café on the territory of the medieval fortress.
Address: 32-nd km of Stepanakert-Askeran-Martakert highway, Tigranakert, Askeran region, RMK.
Phone: +374 97 30 86 78
State Archaeological Museum of Kashatagh
This museum differs by the magnificent collection of artifacts, discovered in the course of archaeological digs on the territory of Kashatagh region of NKR, conducted after 1995. The great number of material goods illustrates the history of the development of culture in this extremely interesting corner of Artsakh, in the valleys of the rivers Arax and Ackari. It's particularly worth to separate the materials, found in the course of excavations of the settlement Keren, where the items of material culture of 9-5 cc AD were discovered. Along with the ceramics so usual for Artsakh, the museum demonstrates also found here anthropomorphous vessels of the striking beauty and grace, indicative of the high level of the population culture.
The unique female adornments of semiprecious stones from the barrow interments of the same period are the spice of this museum.
Address: 19, Mir str., Kashatagh.
Phone: (+ 374 47) 5 22 59
The House-Museum of Nikol Duman (the museum of folk architecture, ethnography and rural life)
The house-museum of Nikol Duman is situated in the village of Tsakhkashat (Ghshlagh) of Askeran region, NKR, on 22-nd km of Stepanakert-Gandzasar highway. It presents the complex of dwelling buildings of 19c, reconstructed with the usage of authentic materials. These are mainly two-storied houses with the carved wooden balconies, absorbed the best traditions of architectural engineering of their time. The wooden lace of balconies, pillars and rafters, covered with the skilful carving, strikes the visitors by its originality. The conditions of life and household of 19c.'s Artsakhians are restored on the territory of the ethnographic quarter with the scrupulous precision. Very realistically restored are interiors, furniture, household items – the original copies, collected from the neighboring villages.
On the territory of ethnographic quarter the house-museum of one of the heroes of national liberation movement of the Armenian people of the end of 19c. and beginning of 20 c., Nikol Duman (Nikogayos Ter-Hovhannesyan) is situated. One of the halls of the house-museum is devoted to his life and activity. Here maps and schemes, illustrating the national liberation movement of Armenians, heroic deeds of fidains – the defenders of motherland, are demonstrated. A special stand is devoted to the Armenian-Tatar conflicts in Baku in 1905-1906, when due to the distinguished military talent of Nikol Duman the handful of poorly armed Armenian volunteers managed to defend the Armenian population of Baku from the raving crowds of Azerbaijan fanatics, robbed the Christian part of the nowadays Azerbaijan capital.
In the hall the original samples of weapons and other military accessories of 19c, used by the Armenian fidains, are demonstrated. On the territory of the museum the utility structures of the according epoch are reconstructed as well.
The visitors can see not only the traditional tonratun (bakery), but also try freshly baked before their eyes the traditional Artsakhian bread – tonrahats. In the ethnographic quarter the special space was separated for the souvenir shop. Here one can buy both the traditional souvenirs of high quality and handicrafts of the village people, canned fruit and vegetables, local spices in the original packing. In the traditional Maran (wine cellar) guests can taste the local sorts of wine and mulberry vodka, which will be served with the traditional snack like bread, cheese, pickle and, of course, famous Jengyalov Hats.
In carpet weaving shop visitors will see as according to the old techniques the modern masters weave magnificent Artsakhian carpets, and if visitors wish, they can buy them. The traditional dinners and suppers organized here in the garden under the mulberry trees are very popular among tourists.
Very often famous groups have concerts of traditional and classical music on the territory of the ethnographic quarter. On special requests fancy-dress ethnographic shows can be organized, which reconstruct the way of life of the Artsakhian village in 19c. Some of the houses are adapted for the comfortable tourist bowers where guests stay overnight.
The museum works without days off and holidays. It's open from 10:00 till 19:00 every day. The entrance is free, however it is accepted to leave tip for the serving personnel and make donations for the development of the complex.
Address: Tsakhkashat village, Askeran region, NKR.
Phone: +374 47 944758